Friday, November 18, 2011

When should a child start school?

How early should one send a child to school. Too early, and she may miss critical time with parents and not be ready for school. Too late, she may have to deal with classmates that are not as fast or as developed (see previous post on redshirting). But it is not just a question for an individual, one needs also to figure when as a society school should start. France, for example, offers public kindergarten very early (2.5 to 3 years old), and it much more pedagogical than daycare. Most French kids enter first grade with reading skills. In the US, kindergarten is at age of sex or even seven, and there is little teaching. China is similar.

Dionissi Aliprantis uses the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study and exploits cross-state and cross-time differences in the cut-off date that makes children eligible for kindergarten as five-year olds. Children were analyzed in kindergarten, 3rd, 5th and 8th grade. It turns out that an earlier cut-off date is better, and an earlier birthday as well, as long as the child remains eligible. But the analysis only pertains to rather small start age differences, so it is difficult to extrapolate to even earlier start date as seen elsewhere.


NormanB said...

I think Finland (or is it Sweden) starts their kids in school at age 7. If its Finland let me point out that they have an average IQ of 110.

Kansan said...

You seem to be correct that school starts at seven in Finland, but this is preceded by free structured daycare and kindergarten from the age of eight months, and almost all children enroll (it is free).


NormanB said...

Thanks for the input on Finland. But as an aside, nothing is free.

Economic Logician said...

Scandinavian countries all have similar programs. There are sometimes free, and otherwise the cost is heavily subsidized and depends on your income. The highest one may have to pay is abut US$15 a day.

But, NormanB, if your remark is about the cost to the economy of these early schools, if you extrapolate the study I discussed, it is very possible it is a net gain. But I would not rely on this study for that.

NormanB said...

I just said 'aside' meaning that it had nothing to do with the gist of the issue. Its a side issue. Using the word 'free' with regards to government services isn't correct, its soft-headed. Kansan could have more correctly said, 'tax-payer supported'. Now that is correct.